Automotive Regulatory | Japan
ABS in Japan
Introduction of mandatory Automatic Braking Systems in all new cars
Due to a recent rise in accidents caused by elderly drivers, Japan’s Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism have announced that all new cars and light trucks sold in Japan require to be equipped with automatic braking systems from 2021. New cars and light trucks sold in Japan need to comply with the new regulations from November 2021, new imported models must comply from June 2024 and existing models must comply from June 2026.
The automatic braking system needs to meet three main criteria. Vehicles driving at a speed of 60 km/h must be able to avoid a collision with a preceding vehicle driving up to 20 km/h. Driving at 40 km/h the system must stop the vehicle completely when approaching a stationary vehicle. Furthermore, the system must be able to avoid a collision with a pedestrian at a speed of 30 km/h. In 2018, 84,6% of new cars sold were equipped with automatic braking systems. However, the performance of these systems differs, meaning that not all existing automatic braking systems already meet the new mandatory regulations.
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